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Demystifying Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Symptoms & Solutions

Pelvic organ prolapse, a widespread yet often overlooked issue, affects an estimated 50% of women to some degree, according to the National Institutes of Health. The condition occurs when weakened pelvic floor muscles can no longer support organs like the bladder, uterus, or rectum, causing them to drop from their regular positions and exert pressure on the vaginal walls. Consequently, this can lead to discomfort and symptoms like frequent urination. Despite its prevalence, many women hesitate to seek medical help due to embarrassment or lack of awareness about available treatments.

In this article, we will explore the nature of pelvic organ prolapse, its associated risk factors and symptoms, and how physiotherapy can provide support and care.

Risk Factors for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

While pelvic organ prolapse can affect women of all ages, it is more prevalent among older women, particularly those who have gone through childbirth. The following factors can increase the risk of developing pelvic organ prolapse:

  1. Childbirth: Vaginal childbirth, especially multiple deliveries, can weaken the pelvic floor muscles and tissues, making them more susceptible to prolapse.
  2. Age: As women age, the supportive tissues in the pelvis tend to weaken naturally, increasing the risk of pelvic organ prolapse.
  3. Hormonal changes: A decline in oestrogen levels during menopause can weaken pelvic muscles and tissues.
  4. Chronic constipation: Straining during bowel movements can put excessive pressure on the pelvic organs, potentially leading to prolapse.
  5. Obesity: Carrying excess weight can strain pelvic muscles and contribute to prolapse.

Symptoms of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

If you suspect you have pelvic organ prolapse, recognising the signs early is key to seeking timely medical evaluation. The symptoms, which can vary in severity, may include:

  1. Pelvic Pressure: Women with pelvic organ prolapse often describe a sensation of fullness or pressure in the pelvic area.
  2. Bulging Sensation: Some may feel or see a bulge or protrusion from the vaginal opening.
  3. Urinary Issues: Pelvic organ prolapse can lead to frequent urination, urgency, or even urine leakage.
  4. Bowel Problems: In some cases, pelvic organ prolapse may cause difficulty with bowel movements or a feeling of incomplete emptying.
  5. Sexual Discomfort: Sexual intercourse may become painful or uncomfortable due to the changes in pelvic anatomy.

How Physiotherapy in Singapore Can Help With Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Physiotherapy offers a targeted approach to managing pelvic organ prolapse, providing relief and long-term solutions. Here, we explore how specialised exercises and therapy can effectively strengthen the pelvic floor and alleviate symptoms:

1. Pelvic Floor Exercises

Specially designed pelvic floor exercises can strengthen the muscles and tissues that support the pelvic organs. Often referred to as Kegel exercises, they help improve muscle tone and can alleviate some of the symptoms associated with prolapse, such as urinary incontinence in females, which is characterised by the unintentional passing of urine.

2. Education

Our experienced physiotherapists in Singapore can provide valuable information on lifestyle changes and habits that can help manage and prevent pelvic organ prolapse, such as maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding heavy lifting, and practising good bowel habits.

3. Behavioural Strategies

Our physiotherapists can teach techniques to prevent frequent urination and manage female urinary incontinence, such as bladder training and dietary changes.

4. Pelvic Support Devices

In some cases, physiotherapy clinics in Singapore may have devices like pessaries to support the uterus or bladder and relieve pelvic organ prolapse symptoms.

5. Manual Therapy

Hands-on techniques, like myofascial release and massage, can help relieve muscle tension and discomfort associated with a prolapse.

Your Path to Comfort: Pelvic Organ Prolapse Care at Rapid Physiocare

At Rapid Physiocare, we understand the sensitive nature of pelvic organ prolapse. Our expert physiotherapists are trained in women’s health, providing antenatal care for women, apart from managing pelvic organ prolapse.

If you are experiencing symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse and want to explore pelvic floor rehabilitation, visit our physiotherapy clinic in Singapore today. Through personalised care, specialised exercises and manual therapy, our aim is to empower you to manage your condition effectively and regain comfort and confidence in your daily life.