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Musculoskeletal Knee Pain Physiotherapy Treatment In Singapore

Musculoskeletal knee pain, a prevalent condition in Singapore, can significantly impact the quality of life for individuals of various ages, often hindering their mobility and daily activities. This type of discomfort or pain in the knee can stem from a range of causes, including ligament tears and overuse injuries. Understanding the nuances of knee pain is crucial for effective management. In this context, physiotherapy emerges as a key approach, offering strategies to help alleviate discomfort and improve knee function.

Knee pain Causes, treatments and self-management

Common Causes Of Musculoskeletal Knee Pain

To help ensure a path towards improved knee health and mobility, it’s important to comprehend the diverse manifestations of musculoskeletal knee pain. Explore how it can present itself in various forms:

ACL Tear

An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is a common sports-related injury that affects the knee’s stability. It often occurs during activities involving sudden stops or changes in direction. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and a ‘popping’ sensation at the time of injury. Physiotherapy for an ACL tear focuses on restoring function and strength to the affected knee.

Meniscus Injury/Tear

The meniscus, a piece of cartilage in the knee, can be torn during activities that put pressure on or rotate the knee joint. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the knee. Physiotherapy treatment for a meniscus tear aims to reduce pain and swelling, followed by exercises to improve range of motion and strength. Depending on the location of the meniscus tear, different periods of healing may result. For example, the root of meniscus tear will cause delayed healing time due to lack of blood supply.

MCL Strain

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) strain typically results from a direct blow to the outside of the knee. It can cause pain and swelling on the inside of the knee, along with a feeling of instability. Treatment includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), followed by physiotherapy to regain strength and mobility.


Osteoarthritis of the knee, a degenerative condition, is characterised by the wearing down of cartilage. This leads to pain, stiffness, and swelling. Managing osteoarthritis includes weight management, strengthening exercises, and physiotherapy, focusing on reducing symptoms and improving joint function.

Patellar Instability

Patellar instability occurs when the kneecap (patella) dislocates or shifts out of its normal alignment, usually due to trauma or accidents. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and a sensation of the knee giving way. Physiotherapy focuses on strengthening the muscles around the knee to stabilise the patella.


Total Knee Replacement (TKR) is a surgical procedure for chronic knee dysfunction, often due to arthritis. Post-surgery, physiotherapy plays a crucial role in recovery, focusing on reducing swelling, improving knee movement, and strengthening the surrounding muscles.

Osgood-Schlatter’s Disease

Common in growing adolescents, Osgood-Schlatter’s disease causes pain, swelling, and tenderness below the knee, where the patellar tendon attaches to the shinbone. Physiotherapy helps in managing pain and strengthening the quadriceps to reduce stress on the tendon.

Biomechanical Misalignments in Adjacent Joints

Musculoskeletal knee pain can often stem from biomechanical misalignments in adjacent joints, such as the hips or ankles. These misalignments can lead to compensatory movements, placing undue stress on the knee. This type of knee pain highlights the interconnected nature of the body’s musculoskeletal system. It is crucial to get assessed by a physiotherapist, who can identify and treat the root cause of the pain, ensuring a holistic approach to recovery.

What Are the Symptoms Of Knee Pain?

Having musculoskeletal knee pain can affect ligaments, joints, tendons, and of course, muscles. Depending on the condition, the severity of the pain varies as well. Individuals afflicted with knee pain may experience one or a combination of the following symptoms:

  • Aching or stiffness
  • Pain worsening with movement
  • Swelling or burning sensation in the affected area
  • Clicking or grinding sensation in the knee

How Is Musculoskeletal Knee Pain Treated? 

Knee pain can be treated in two ways: surgical and non-surgical treatment. Professional physiotherapists focus on offering quality, personalised physiotherapy treatments for patients both pre and post-operation. Before embarking on a tailored treatment plan, physiotherapists will typically speak with you and examine to find out the underlying cause of the knee pain.

With a specific therapy plan set, you can expect to see improvements in flexibility, range of motion, and much lesser knee pain.

How To Prevent Knee Pain?

Preventing knee pain begins with proper care at home. Incorporating regular exercises and healthy diet plans can go a long way towards alleviating or slowing down the chances of getting musculoskeletal knee pain. It is imperative that you learn how to stretch the right way before and after exercising to reduce your chances of hurting your knee.

If you’re experiencing knee pain, book an appointment with your physiotherapist for professional advice.

Knee Pain Physiotherapy Exercises

Incorporating specific exercises can aid in knee pain rehabilitation. Here are five recommended exercises:

Lying Knee Bend

The lying knee bend is an exercise performed on a flat, comfortable surface. This movement gently flexes and extends the knee joint, enhancing mobility and easing stiffness. Regular practice can lead to significant improvements in knee flexibility, particularly beneficial for those experiencing musculoskeletal knee pain.

Hamstring Stretch

A crucial component of physiotherapy for knee ligament tear, the hamstring stretch aims to reduce tightness in the back of the thigh. Consistent stretching can alleviate the strain on the knee joint, thereby mitigating discomfort and promoting better knee function.

Straight Leg Raise

The straight leg raise is a key exercise in strengthening the muscles surrounding the knee. By enhancing muscle strength, this exercise contributes to improved joint stability and can significantly reduce knee pain.


Clamshells focus on the hip muscles, which play a supportive role in knee health. This exercise is particularly effective in knee pain physiotherapy, as it helps in aligning the hips and knees, thereby reducing undue stress on the knee joint. Regular practice of clamshells can contribute to a holistic approach to knee pain management.

Mini Squats

Mini squats are an integral part of knee pain treatment, specifically designed to strengthen the knee muscles. These squats enhance both mobility and stability of the knee, providing a solid foundation for knee joint health. Their low-impact nature makes them suitable for individuals at various stages of knee pain rehabilitation.

Frequently Asked Questions About Knee Pain Physiotherapy in Singapore

How many physiotherapy sessions are needed for knee pain?

The frequency and total number of physiotherapy sessions for musculoskeletal knee pain treatment in Singapore can vary significantly, depending on the individual’s specific condition and how they respond to therapy. Generally, a treatment plan can span from several weeks to a few months. For conditions like a knee ligament tear, a customised approach is essential, and progress is continuously evaluated to optimise the treatment plan.

Does physiotherapy work for knee pain?

Physiotherapy is a highly effective approach for managing and reducing musculoskeletal knee pain. Tailoring the treatment to the individual’s specific condition is key. In Singapore, knee pain physiotherapy integrates various techniques, including exercises, manual therapy, and education, to address the root cause of pain and facilitate long-term relief.

Can a physiotherapist fix knee pain?

While a physiotherapist cannot technically fix your knee pain, they do play a pivotal role in the management and alleviation of knee pain. They employ targeted exercises and therapeutic techniques to address the underlying causes of knee pain, such as musculoskeletal issues. Their goal is to improve function, reduce pain, and guide patients towards a more active and pain-free lifestyle. The success of physiotherapy for knee pain in Singapore hinges on a personalised treatment plan and the patient’s active participation.

About Rapid Physiocare

Rapid Physiocare stands as a distinguished physiotherapy clinic in Singapore, dedicated to delivering exceptional care tailored to the individual needs of our clients. We aim to excel in the field of physiotherapy across Singapore, embracing a commitment to exemplary standards, leading-edge practices, and effective client management. At the core of our approach lies a steadfast commitment to professional integrity, enduring support, unwavering dedication, and genuine compassion in every aspect of our care. Find out more about Rapid Physiocare and its services.