Back pain is very common issue, back pain doesn’t normally have a serious cause and in most cases the pain will improve within four to six weeks, back pain can continue for few months or even years. Pain usually gets better on its own. Persons have chronic or severe back pain then they should consult a physiotherapist immediately. Back pain is categorized as acute or chronic. Acute pain usually last only for six weeks. When back pain continues for more than six weeks, it is considered as chronic. During a particular period of time, the individual will create new muscle patterns that compensate and circumvent the weak and painful area.
A spinal segment consists of two vertebrae, an intervertebral disc between the two vertebrae and two nerve roots that leave the spinal cord, one on each side. When an individual suffers from back pain, the physiotherapist focus is on a spinal segment. The lower back is also known as lumbar spine and is made up of five vertebrae and the sacrum. The middle of the back is the thoracic spine and has twelve vertebrae, and the neck is the cervical spine, with seven vertebrae. Vertebrae are the bones of the spine. They furnish both support and protection for the spinal cord. An intervertebral disc stands between vertebrae and connects the vertebrae. An intervertebral disc is a large and round ligament. a cross-section of the intervertebral disc, that it is made up of two parts. The outer ring is the annulus, which is the powerful part and is responsible for connecting the vertebrae. The inner area is the nucleus pulposus, which is mushy and has the consistency of crabmeat. The nucleus pulposus acts as the cushion for the spine. The nerve roots transfer information back and forth between the extremities and the brain. The nerve roots can cause pain when they are hurt or pinched by the disc or bone spurs.
By using physiotherapy for back pain you can treat the pain Chronic back pain is slice up into two main types – mechanical or compressive pain.Mechanical back pain affects from inflammation due to an irritation or injury to the disc, the ligaments or the muscles of the back. A usual muscle strain or lower back strain may also triggermechanical-type symptoms. Mechanical pains usually arise near the lower spine and spreads to include the buttocks and thigh areas. This kind of pain usually does not extend past the knee. Compressive pain happens when the nerve roots that leave the spine are either hurt or pinched. A herniated disc is a common cause of contracting pain. For example, the sciatic nerve controls and gives sensation to the muscles of the lower leg. When the nerve roots are hurt or pinched, the individual will feel a numbness, tingling or pain in the leg muscles, but not in the back itself.
Compressive pain may also occur in the cervical spine due to herniated discs. This is often manifested in arm pain or numbness.
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