The concept of osteoporosis is a serious health challenge among the human race. Medical practitioners have asserted that osteoporosis is a bone defect which is common in older people.
Osteoporosis can be understood as a reduction in bone density and an increased rate of fractures. The strength of a bone is a measure of its quality and density which ultimately can be altered by Osteoporosis.
It estimated that over 10 million Americans and 3 million British Citizens are affected by this bone defect. Osteoporosis can weaken your bone and ultimately increase the risk of bone breakage. Patient with Osteoporosis will not observe any symptoms until a point when a fracture occurs.
This article intends to articulate the top 10 facts you should know about this bone defect.
Osteoporosis is a naturally occurring ailment due to age.
In other words, this implies that a reduction in bone density increases with aging. Often, humans get to their peak bone mass within the age bracket of 25 to 30 after which a decline in bone mass sets in after the age of 40. Bone density for women is prone to decline after menopause due to reduced levels of estrogen.
Your bone mass cannot be lost
The human bone is comparable to scaffolding with both horizontal and vertical structures which make it strong despite the little hangings. The loss of the horizontal structures translates to a loss of bone density.
Your body size, ethnicity and gender can increase your risk of Osteoporosis.
Quitting smoking and taking adequate calcium and vitamin D can reduce your susceptibility to Osteoporosis. However, gender, ethnicity and body size are among the uncontrollable factors that can increase your risk of porous bone disease.
Men are prone to suffer from Osteoporosis later in life than women.
Research has shown that men are ten years ahead of women when it comes to bone health. The reason is that men have a higher bone density at a middle age after which the rate of bone density reduction becomes gradual. Therefore, men can only have osteoporosis later in life. It will be appropriate for men over the age of 75 to undergo periodic bone screening exercise.
Suffering from Osteoporosis heightens your risk of fractures.
People who are diagnosed with Osteoporosis are susceptible to bone breakage compared to those people without osteoporosis. Research shows that one out of every two women with the disease will eventually fracture a bone either in the wrist, spine or hip.
Figures realized proves that 60 percent of people who are fractured becomes permanently paralyzed if there is no immediate treatment and 20 percent of patients with hip fractures die in less than a year due to complications.
Fractures due to osteoporosis often occur in the spine and are called ‘vertebral compression fracture’. Other fractures can occur because of height-related falls.
Osteoporosis screening is for older adults.
Women with fewer risk factors should undergo osteoporosis screening at the age of 65. Women with a history of smoking, arthritis, low body weight and alcohol should undergo this screening earlier.
The greatest thing to avoid when you have osteoporosis is a fall.
The best means through which you can manage osteoporosis is by preventing fractures which can be achieved by using devices like cane walker to assist an unstable leg. You can also use rubber-soled shoes to prevent slips, running on smooth and slippery floors. Also, note that installing grab bars on bathroom walls, handrail on every stair, avoiding dark moments by installing a light in your rooms and staying strong through a regular exercise are also some of the best ways to avoid osteoporosis.
Key Regimen for the health is Calcium and Vitamin D.
For healthy bones, women and men require a minimum of 1000 to 1200mg of calcium every day. This can be found in food sources such as vegetables, canned sardines, low-fat dairy, salmon and calcium food supplements.
It is best to take smaller amounts of calcium daily instead of a larger dose since our bodies can only absorb 500mg of calcium in one intake.
Vitamin D is needed for the proper absorption of calcium in our body. Adults should have a daily intake of 1000mg of Vitamin D, but more can be taken at periods such as winter that has low sunlight.
It is important to consult your doctor concerning your Vitamin D level and the proper dosage that your body system can manage.
The lifestyle you live can greatly influence your bone density.
Walking out regularly by way of exercising will enhance the strength of your bones. You should pay attention to weight-bearing exercises which will make your bones strong and improve your posture and balance.
It is necessary you avoid or limit your alcoholic and cigarette intake as well as reducing your risks of falling or getting fractured.
Treatment of Osteoporosis involves physical therapy and medication.
Osteoporosis medication is of two types namely:
- Antiresorptive medication – to slow bone decay
- Anabolic medication – to promote bone formation.
It is important that you contact your doctor or a physiotherapist who will then recommend the appropriate treatment for you. Physical therapy will help to strengthen your muscles and enhance your body mechanics to withstand or prevent falls.
For your physiotherapy treatment and counseling, contact Rapid Physio care – a Physiotherapy Clinic based in Singapore. We have the best hands when it comes to treatment of Osteoporosis. Feel free to walk into our office for a consultation. You can also contact us via
Call: +65 6904 4900 or email: [email protected]