Caring for pregnancy involves three stages which are prenatal, during pregnancy, and postnatal care. The essence of undergoing these three stages of care is to ensure that you can have a safe delivery without complications.
These three stages more often than not involve training and treatments with a view to ensuring a healthy pregnancy, pre-pregnancy, as well as, labor for both baby and mom.
This article will take a look at everything you need to know about prenatal and postnatal care. Without further ado, let’s set the ball rolling.
Prenatal care is also referred to as antenatal care. Prenatal care is considered as a preventive measure in the sense that its objective is to ensure that either midwives or a medical doctor carefully cross-examine the pregnancy to forestall any potential health hazard. Prenatal care also promotes the lifestyle of the expectant mother and the baby at large.
Prenatal care increases the chances of the expectant mother having a safe delivery. Before any complications or problems become serious, your doctor would have seen the potential complications and then recommend the appropriate treatment. Therefore, it is important that you engage in a regular prenatal visit to the hospital.
Research shows that most babies that are born without the mother receiving proper prenatal care are prone to weighing less. Low birth weight babies may not survive few months after birth compares to those that their mothers received proper prenatal care.
Medical pundits suggest that prenatal should commerce no later than 3 months before the potential mothers try to conceive. During the prenatal care period, the following are some good habits to adopt;
- Quit drinking alcohol and smoking
- The daily taking of folic acid supplements (about 350 to 700 micrograms)
- Your medical conditions should be made known to your doctor
- Your doctor should also know the dietary supplements, prescription or over-the-counter drugs you regularly use
- Avoid chemicals contact at work or home and other toxic substances that are potentially dangerous.
Care during Pregnancy
When you have conceived or pregnant, there is every need for you to schedule a regular check-up with your doctor throughout the 9 months of the pregnancy. Medical experts advised that scheduling a regular check-up with your doctor should be;
- Every month at least within the first 6 months of pregnancy
- Every two weeks within the 7th and 8th month of pregnancy
- Every week within the 9th month.
During the regular visits to see your doctor, it is expected that your health, as well as your baby’s health, will be checked.
The care during pregnancy may include the following in no particular order;
- Routine screening and tests like blood test in order to check for HIV, blood type, and anemia.
- Blood pressure monitoring
- Weight gain monitoring
- Baby’s growth and heart rate monitoring
- Discussing exercises and special diet
On a later date, the visits to see your doctor will more often than not include checking the position of the baby as well as your body changes as you prepare to deliver. Special classes may also be arranged during the stages of the pregnancy.
The classes will include the following;
- Discussion on what to expect during pregnancy
- Discussion on how to properly prepare for the birth of your baby
- Teach you how to take care of your baby.
If your health condition or age poses a serious challenge to your pregnancy, your doctor may request that you visit the hospital frequently. Also, you should consider visiting doctors that have expertise in dealing with pregnancies with high risk.
Postnatal care is extremely important too even though all attention is geared towards the pregnancy stages. Postnatal care involves all the care a mother and newborn should receive immediately after delivery. Experts suggest that postnatal care should range from six to eight weeks, immediately the expectant mother delivers.
During the postnatal period, it is expected that the new mom will experience both emotional and physical changes coupled with the fact that she would be learning how to care for her baby. Basically, postnatal care is categorized into three, which are;
- Getting proper rest
- Vaginal care
1. Getting Enough Rest
After child delivery, getting enough rest is extremely important in order to rebuild the strength of the mother. In order not to get exhausted as a new mother, there is every need for you to:
- Rest as soon as your baby starts sleeping
- Keep your baby’s crib near your bed for breastfeeding convenience
- Allowing a third-party to feed the newborn using a feeding bottle while you catch some sleep.
2. Eating Right
It is important you for you eat the right nutrition as a new mom during the postnatal period; this is due to the body changes your body experienced during the pregnancy stage and labor. The weight that you added during the pregnancy stage is for you to gather enough nutrients for breastfeeding. Hence, the need to maintain a healthy diet even after the delivery of your baby
Experts suggest that whenever you are hungry, you should eat a balanced diet and not just any classes of food. Although, your doctor will recommend the type of food you should eat depending on your health condition. The following habit should be adopted;
- High-fat snacks should be avoided
- Focus more on eating food that contain vegetables, low fat, fruits, carbs, and vitamins.
- Drinking enough water
3. Vaginal Care
New moms are expected to include vaginal care as part of the postnatal care. Immediately after birth, new mom will more often than not experience some of the following;
- Vaginal soreness if you delivered via caesarian section
- Urination problems such as frequent urge or pain during urination
- Discharge such as small blood clots
- Contractions few days after childbirth
It is important that you schedule a visit to see your doctor six weeks after must have delivered in order to discuss any of the above listed symptoms, so that your doctor will commerce proper treatment on you. Also of importance is the fact that you should avoid sex at least four to six weeks after delivery. This will allow ample time for your vaginal to heal.
For your prenatal and postnatal care, you can contact Rapid Physio care – a Physiotherapy Clinic based in Singapore. We have the best hands when it comes to prenatal and postnatal care. Feel free to walk into our office for a consultation. You can also contact us via Call: +65 6904 4900 or email: [email protected]